Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Perilaku Social Distancing Sebagai Upaya Pencegahan COVID-19 Pada Dewasa Muda di Kota Pekanbaru

  • Tyagita Widya Sari Universitas Abdurrab
  • Sindy Mutiara Irawati Universitas Abdurrab
  • Yurissa Mizar Anggraini Universitas Abdurrab
Keywords: Behavior, COVID-19, Knowledge, Attitudes, Social distancing

Abstract

COVID-19 is a disease that has never been previously identified in humans. This case is increasing day by day in all corners of the world, including in Indonesia. Riau Province has reported 120 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and Pekanbaru City is the area with the most COVID-19 cases from 12 districts/cities. The World Health Organization (WHO) issued a decision so that people can practice social distancing which is very helpful in breaking the chain of COVID-19 transmission. However, some people in Indonesia still consider social distancing to be just an ordinary recommendation, resulting in the implementation of social distancing not being completely evenly distributed. The purpose of this study were to determine the relationship between knowledge and attitudes towards social distancing and the relationship between attitudes towards social distancing and social distancing behavior as an effort to prevent COVID-19 in young adults in Pekanbaru City in 2020. This study used an analytical observational study design with a cross sectional design. This research was conducted on a young adult population in Pekanbaru City in August 2020. The sampling technique used was cluster sampling with a sample of 120 respondents. Data retrieval on respondents was done by online method. Data analysis was carried out by means of the Spearman correlation test to obtain the p-value and correlation coefficient. The results of the Spearman's rho correlation analysis show that there is a significant relationship between knowledge and attitudes towards social distancing (p-value = 0.000) with a correlation coefficient of 0.899. In addition, there is a significant relationship between attitudes towards social distancing and social distancing behavior (p-value = 0.000) with a correlation coefficient value of 0.880. The conclusion of this study are that there is a significant relationship with a very strong correlation strength and a positive direction of correlation between knowledge and attitudes towards social distancing and there is a significant relationship between attitudes towards social distancing and social distancing behavior as an effort to prevent COVID-19 in young adults in Pekanbaru City in 2020.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aslam, F. (2020). COVID-19 : The Critical Importance of Social Distancing and Working from Home. Preprints 2020, 4, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202004.0078.v1

Dahlan, S. (2015). Statistik untuk Kedokteran dan Kesehatan: Deskriptif, Bivariat dan Multivariat, Dilengkapi Aplikasi dengan Menggunakan SPSS (6th ed.). Jakarta: Epidemiologi Indonesia.

Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan COVID-19. (2020). Pedoman Penanganan Cepat Medis dan Kesehatan Masyarakat COVID-19 di Indonesia. Jakarta: Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan COVID-19.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2020). Pedoman Kesiapsiagaan Menghadapi Infeksi Novel Coronavirus (2019-ncov). Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Penyakit (P2P). Retrieved from https://infeksiemerging.kemkes.go.id/download/DOKUMEN_RESMI_Pedoman_ Kesiapsiagaan_nCoV_Indonesia_28_Jan_2020.pdf

Notoatmodjo, S. (2014). Promosi Kesehatan Dan Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Perkasa, V. (2020). Social distancing dan pembangkangan publik: perspektif antropologis dalam menangani wabah COVID-19. CSIS Commentaries DMRU-012, 01(March), 34. Retrieved from https://www.csis.or.id/download/197-post-2020-03-25-CSIS_Commentaries_DMRU_012_Perkasa.pdf

Pratama, N. A., & Hidayat, D. (2020). Pengetahuan dan Perilaku Masyarakat Memaknai Social Distancing. Jurnal Digital Media & Relationship, 2(1), 1–10. Retrieved from http://ejurnal.ars.ac.id/index.php/jdigital

Priyoto. (2018). Teori Sikap & Perilaku Dalam Kesehatan Dilengkapi Contoh Kuesioner. Yogyakarta: Medical Book.

Rahman, A., & Sathi, N. J. (2020). Knowledge , Attitude , and Preventive Practices Toward COVID-19 Among Bangladeshi Internet Users. Electronic Journal of General Medicine, 17(5), em245. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/8223

Salman, M., Mustafa, Z. U., Asif, N., Zaidi, H. A., Hussain, K., Shehzadi, N., … Saleem, Z. (2020). Knowledge, Attitude And Preventive Practices Related To COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study In Two Pakistani University Populations. Drugs and Therapy Perspectives, 36, 319-325. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40267-020-00737-7

Saqlain, M., Munir, M. M., Rehman, S. U, Gulzar, A., Naz, S., Ahmed, Z., … Mashhood, M. (2020). Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Perceived Barriers Among Healthcare Professionals Regarding COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Survey from Pakistan. Journal of Hospital Infection, 105, 419-423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2020.05.007

Sari, D. K., Amelia, R., Dharmajaya, R., Sari, L. M., & Fitri, N. K. (2020). Positive Correlation between General Public Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding COVID-19 Outbreak One Month after First Cases Reported in Indonesia. Journal of Community Health, 46, 182-189. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-020-00866-0

Valdivia, A. Z. (2020). Knowledge, Perception And Attitudes In Regard To COVID-19 Pandemic In Peruvian Population. Pediatria Integral, 24(2), 69–70. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340694053_Knowledge_perception_and_attitudes_in_Regard_to_COVID-19_Pandemic_in_Peruvian_Population

Walikota Pekanbaru. (2020). Pedoman Perilaku Hidup Baru Masyarakat Produktif Dan Aman Dalam Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) di Kota Pekanbaru. Walikota Pekanbaru. Retrieved from https://covid19.hukumonline.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/peraturan_wali_kota_pekanbaru_nomor_104_tahun_2020.pdf

World Health Organization. (2020). Adolescent Health in the South-East Asia Region. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/southeastasia/health- topics/adolescent-health

Yanti, B., Mulyadi, E., Wahiduddin, Novika, R. G. H., Arina, Y. M. D., Martani, N. S., & Nawan. (2020). Community Knowledge, Attitudes, And Behavior Towards Social Distancing Policy As A Means Of Preventing Transmission Of Covid-19 In Indonesia. Jurnal Administrasi Kesehatan Indonesia, 8(1), 4-14. https://doi.org/10.20473/jaki.v8i2.2020.4-14

Zhong, B. L., Luo, W., Li, H. M., Zhang, Q. Q., Liu, X. G., Li, W. T., & Li, Y. (2020). Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices Towards COVID-19 Among Chinese Residents During The Rapid Rise Period Of The COVID-19 Outbreak: A Quick Online Cross-Sectional Survey. International Journal of Biological Sciences, 16(10), 1745–1752. https://doi.org/10.7150/ijbs.45221

Published
2022-06-20
How to Cite
Sari, T. W., Irawati, S. M., & Anggraini, Y. M. (2022). Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Perilaku Social Distancing Sebagai Upaya Pencegahan COVID-19 Pada Dewasa Muda di Kota Pekanbaru. Photon: Jurnal Sain Dan Kesehatan, 12(2), 85-94. https://doi.org/10.37859/jp.v12i2.3662
Section
Health Sciences
Abstract views: 77 , PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloads: 16