HUBUNGAN ANTARA KEBERADAAN TIKUS DAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN ABIOTIK TERHADAP INFEKSI LEPTOSPIRA DI TIKUS (STUDI CROSS SECTIONAL DI KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR, PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH)
Karanganyar District health officer recorded seven leptospirosis cases with five deaths in 2020 from January to February. Gawanan village was a village with that one case of death. The aim of this study was to see trapping success and to determine the relationship between rat presence and abiotic environmental factors on Leptospira infection. The design of study was an analytic descriptive with a cross-sectional approach. The study located in Gawanan Village, Colomadu Sub-district, conducted in February 2020. Rodent trapping conducted for two days. One hundred live traps were installed for two consecutive days. Leptospira in the rat kidney were detected with Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test. The observed variable of rat that caught on, were its species and its gender. Abiotic environmental factors measured were water pH, water temperature, air temperature, and humidity. Data were analyzed using the bivariate test. The number of rats caught was 31 rats. The number of trapping success was 15,5%. The proportion of Rattus tanezumi was 67,7% (4,8% positive Leptospira infection), and Rattus norvegicus was 32,3% (10% positive Leptospira infection). The proportion of male was 51,6% of the female. The statistics showed that the existence of rat and abiotic environmental factors were not significantly related on Leptospira infection. The high trapping success can become the risk of Leptospira infection.
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