HUBUNGAN PERSONAL HYGIENE DENGAN GEJALA KERACUNAN PESTISIDA PADA PETANI PENYEMPROT PESTISIDA TANAMAN HORTIKULTURA DI KECAMATAN LEMBAH GUMANTI KABUPATEN SOLOK TAHUN 2019
Indonesia is a developing country with the majority of the population working as farmers. Farmers use pesticides to control plant pests, diseases and weeds, but they do not realize the negative impact on humans and environment. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) estimate that there are 1.5 million cases of pesticide poisoning that occur in the agricultural sector, most of which occur in developing countries. Pesticides are hazardous and toxic materials (B3) that must be managed properly. Horticulture plants need pesticides to control pest attacks. Improper use of pesticides can endanger farmers. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between personal hygiene and symptoms of pesticide poisoning in horticultural crop farmers in Lembah Gumanti District, Solok Regency in 2019. The type of this research was observational analytic research with cross sectional design. The population was all horticultural plant farmers in the Lembah Gumanti Subdistrict, Solok Regency in 2019 totaling 128 people with a sample of 56 people. The sample is taken by proportional random sampling technique. Data analysis was carried out by univariate and bivariate. The results howed that 41.1% of respondents experienced symptoms of risky pesticide poisoning, 62.5% of respondents had not good personal hygiene. Based on statistical tests it is known that there is a relationship between personal hygiene and symptoms of pesticide poisoning (p-value: 0.030). So it can be concluded that bad hygiene of farmers will increase the risk of pesticide poisoning in horticultural farmers. It can be suggested to farmers to maintain their personal hygiene.