Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension by Using Problem-based Learning Strategy

  • Wandi Syahfutra Universitas Muhammadiyah Riau
  • Siti Niah Universitas Muhammadiyah Riau
Keywords: reading comprehension, problem-based learning, and motivation.



This study explores an improving students’ reading comprehension by using problem-based learning strategy by formulating quasi-experimental design of Darma Yudha Junior High School. Reading is one of subject that some of Indonesia students faced many difficulties to understand for some reasons. The strategy selection has an important role to create the expectation of the teachers that can be answered by the implementation of creative method, interested materials or enjoyable learning process. Problem-based learning (PBL) is one of strategy of expressing ideas to experience real life context to build critical thinking and problem solving skill. In problem-based learning, students work in collaborative groups to identify what they need to learn in order to solve a problem. The goals of problem-based learning include helping students develop; 1) flexible knowledge, 2) effective problem-solving skills, 3) effective collaboration skills, 4) life-wide learning and 5) intrinsic motivation. In other hand; PBL is well suited to helping students become active learners because it situates learning in real-world problems and makes students responsible for their learning. Based on the result of research, it is found that PBL is one of instructional strategy that offers potentials help to improve students’ reading comprehension and motivation.

Keywords: reading comprehension, problem-based learning, and motivation.



Download data is not yet available.


[1] Berns, R. (2001). Contextual Teaching and Learning: Preparing Students for the New Economy. The Highlight Zone: Research @ Work 8. retrieved on July 20th, 2009
[2] Cambria, J., & Guthrie, J. T. (2010). Motivating and engaging students in reading. The NERA Journal, 46(1), 16-29. Retrieved from
[3] Durukan, Erhan. 2010. Effects of Contextual Teaching and Learning (PROJECT-BASED LEARNING) technique on reading-writing skills. retrieved on April 3rd, 2011
[4] Gay, LR and Peter Airasian. 2000. Educational Research for Analysis and Application (6th Ed). New Jersey: Upper Saddle River.
[5] Gosh, Paramita. 2011. Problem Based Learning. Retrieved on May 8th, 2011
[6] Grabe, W. (2009). Reading in a second language: Moving from theory to practice. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press
[7] Grellet, F. 1981. Developing Reading Skills: A Practical Guide to Reading Comprehension Exercises. Cambridge University Press.
[8] Gutrhie, John T. and Friends. 2006. Reading Comprehension and Reading Motivation Growth in the Later Elementary Years. @2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
[9] Hudson, G. (2000). Essential introductory linguistics. Malden, Mass: Blackwell Publishers
[10] J. Dorn, L and Soffos C. 2005. Teaching for Deep Comprehension: A Reading Workshop Approach. Stanhouse Publishers
[11] McWhorter, Kathleen T. 1986. Guide to College Reading. Ottawa: Little, Brown and Company
[12] Nunan, David. 1999. Second Language Teaching and Learning. Boston: Heinle and Heinle
[13] Nunan, David. 2003. Practical English Language Teaching. Berkeley: McGraw-Hill companies, Inc.
[14] Nuttal, Christine. 1996. Teaching Reading Skill in Foreign Language. Oxford: Heineman
[15] Pressley, Michael. 2001. Comprehension Instruction: What Makes Sense Now, What Might Make Sense So. Retrieved on October 24th, 2009
[16] Sarwono, J. (2009). Statistik itu Mudah Panduan Lengkap untuk Belajar Komputasi Statistik Menggunakan SPSS 16.Yogyakarta: Andi Offset.
[17] Slavin, E Robert. 2005. Cooperative Learning, Teori, Riset, dan Praktik. Terjemahan oleh Lita 2009. Bandung: Nusa Media.
[18] Tan, Oon-Seng. 2003. Problem-based Learning Innovation: Using Problems to Power Learning in the 21st Century. Printed by Seng Lee Press.
[19] Tankersley, Karen. 2005. Literacy Strategies for Grade 4-12. file://Reading%20Comprehension/The-Struggling-Reader.pdf. Retrieved on December 2016
[20] Thomas. 2000. A Review of Research on Project-Based Learning.
[21] Westwood, P. 2012. Reading and Learning Difficulties. Routledge.
Abstract views: 1651 , PDF downloads: 2545