An Overview of Reading a Narrative Text and the Application of Reciprocal Teaching Strategy
This article aims to explain the conceptualization of reading texts and the use of narrative texts in learning English by using a literature review method on reading theory, narrative text theory and reciprocal learning theory. One strategy that can be used in narrative text learning is reciprocal learning strategies. The search results on the theory and application of reciprocal learning strategies show that reciprocal learning has several advantages, namely student participation increases in class, students are more active, students enjoy collaboration in class, and students have more responsibility for themselves and classmates. Even in terms of interpersonal communication skills, students are more active in using English in class. Thus, it can be concluded that reciprocal learning strategies are very suitable for narrative text learning.
 Bond, G.L. & Miles, A.T. (1973). Reading difficulties: Their diagnosis and correction (3rd ed.) New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
 Smith, F (1994). Understanding Reading: A Psycholinguistic Analysis of Reading and Learning to Read. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
 McGill, E., & DiCristoforo, D. (1989). Understanding Computers: a Text for Developing Critical Reading, Thinking, and Reasoning Skills in English. New York, NY: Collier Macmillan
 Lass, B, & Davis, B. (1985). The Remedial Reading Handbook. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc.
 Phillips. (1984) Practical Implications of Recent Research in Reading Foreign Language Annals Volume 17, Issue 4, pages 285–296.
 Alvermann, D.E. & Phelps, S.F. (1998). Content Reading and Literacy: Succeeding in today’s diverse classrooms (2nd ed). Needham Heights, New York: Allyn & Bacon.
 Applegate, M.D., Quinn, K.B., & Applegate, A.J. (2002). “Levels of Thinking Required by Comprehension Questions in Informal Reading Inventories”. The Reading Teacher, 56(2), 174–180.
 Irvin, J.L. (1998). Reading and the Middle School Student: Strategies to enhance literacy (2nd ed.) Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
 Grabe, W. (2004). Research on Teaching Reading. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 24, 44-69.
 Carrell, P, Devine J, Eskey, D. (1988). Interactive Approaches to Second Language Reading. New York: Cambridge University Press.
 Heilman, A.W. Blair, T.R & Ripley, W.H. (1998) Principles & Practices of Teaching Reading (9th ed). New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
13] Aebersold, J.A. & Field, M.L. (1997). From Reader to Reading Teacher. New York: Cambridge University Press
 Nation, I.S.P. (2009). Teaching ESL/EFL Reading and Writing. New York : Routledge
 Klingner, J. K. (2004). Assessing reading comprehension. Assessment for Effective Instruction (formerly Diagnostique), 29(4), 59–70.
16] Rosenblatt, L.M. (1978). The reader, the text, the poem: The transactional theory of the literary work. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.
 Alderson, J.C. (2005). Assessing Reading. New York: Cambridge University Press.
 Pearson, P.D., & Fielding, L. (1991). Comprehension instruction. In R. Barr, M.L. Kamil, P.B. Mosenthal, & P.D. Pearson (Eds.), Handbook of reading research: Volume II (pp. 815-860). White Plains, NY: Longman.
 Anderson, Mark. (1997). Text Type in English 2. Australia: Mackmillan
 Rukmini. (2010). “The Nature of Narrative: Schemes, Genes, Memes, Dreams, and Screams!” In Armin W. Geertz & Jeppe Sinding Jensen (eds.), Religious Narrative, Cognition, and Culture: Image and Word in the Mind of Narrative. Equinox Pub. Ltd..
 Brown, A. L., & Palincsar, A. S. (1989). “Guided, Cooperative Learning and Individual Knowledge Acquisition”. In L. B.Resnick (Ed.), Knowing, Learning, and Instruction: Essays in Honor of Robert Glaser (pp. 393–451). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum
 Palincsar, A.S. (1986). Metacognitive Strategy Instruction. Exceptional Children, 53 118-124
 Palincsar, A & Brown, A (1984). “Reciprocal Teaching of Comprehension-Fostering and Comprehension-Monitoring Activities”. Cognition and Instruction, 1(2),117-175.
 Carter, C and Fekete, D. (2001) Reciprocal Teaching: The Application of a Reading Improvement Strategy on Urban Students in Highland Park, Michigan, 1993-95. Geneva: The International Bureau of Education
 Rosenshine, B and Meister, C. (1994). “Reciprocal Teaching: A review of the research”. Review of the Educational Research, 64 (4), 479-530.
 Omari and Weshah (2010). Using the Reciprocal Teaching Method by Teachers at Jordanian Schools. European Journal of Social Sciences – Volume 15, Number 1 (20100), p. 26-39.
 Tomlinson, C. A. (2001). How to Differentiate Instruction in Mixedability Classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
 Kelly, M., and Moore, D. W. (1994). “Reciprocal Teaching in a Regular Primary School Classroom”. Journal of Educational Research. 88(1) 53-61.
 Alfassi, M (1998). “Reading for Meaning: Efficiency of Reciprocal Teaching in Fostering Reading Comprehension in High School Students in Remedial Reading Classes”. American Educational Research Journal, 35(2), 309-32.
 Hart, E. R., & Speece, D. L. (1998). “Reciprocal Teaching Goes to College: Effects for Postsecondary Students at Risk for Academic Failure”. Journal of Educational Psychology. 90(4), 670-681.
 King, C.M., & Parent Johnson, L.M. (1999). Constructing Meaning via Reciprocal Teaching. Reading Research and Instruction, 38 (3), 169-186.
 Diehl, H.L (2005). The Effects of the Reciprocal Teaching Framework on Strategy Acquisition of Fourth-Grade Strugling Readers. Disertation Abstracts International, 66 (04A), 183-1259
 Aeni, A.N.(2011). “Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension Using Reciprocal Teaching a Classroom Action Research at the eighth grade of SMPN 13 Surakarta in the Academic Year of 2010/2011”. Unpublished thesis. Surakarta: Universitas Negeri Sebelas Maret.