The Regional Development Based on Leading Sectors in Kuantan Singingi Regency, Riau Province
Abstract. Decentralization policy conducted by the government through regional
autonomy is an effort to restructure the nation life better. But in fact there are still many
areas that have not been able to utilize of the policy as well as possible. Kuantan
Singingi Regency is one of regency in Riau Province that experienced a decline in
income, followed by the reduction of prices of some commodities in the featured sector.
By seeing this case, need for a strategy in facing that condition. The purpose of this
study is to formulate a strategy for regional development in order to improve public
welfare of Kuantan Singingi Regency. The study approach are identify the leading
sectors, identify the typology of leading sector, identify competitive ability of leading
sectors and formulate a regional development strategy based on leading sector in
Kuantan Singingi Regency. The analysis method used location questions, dynamic
location questions, shift share and typology sectors, and SWOT Analysis to formulate
the strategy.The results of the research is identified that there are 9 leading sectors of
the 17 sectors, namely (1)Agriculture Sector, Forestry and Fisheries, (2) Manufacturing
Industry, (3)Water Supplying Sector, Waste Management, Waste and Recycling, (4)
Construction Sector, (5) Real Estate Sector, (6) Administration Sector, Defense and
Social Security Mandatory, (7) Education Service Sector, (8) Health Service and Social
Work Sectors, (9) Other Services Sector. Based on the typology of the 9 sectors, 8
sectors are prospective sectors and 1 sector is not prospective (construction sector).
Furthermore, competitiveness ability of the leading sectors are classified in the good
competitiveness, because of the value growth of the nations’ territory (PPW) > 0. Then
the result of the formulation of the strategy based on components of the core region the
resulting strategy is to optimize local resources exist to improve the quality of labors,
transport and communication components, products of the leading sector, and utilize
government’s abilities, technologies and the existing markets.
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